What are Flat Feet?
Most people have a gap under the arch of their foot when their foot is on the ground. This means that the arch or inner part of the foot is slightly raised off the ground. People with flat feet or fallen arches either have no gap, or it is very low.
People with flat feet or fallen arches roll over to the inner side of the foot when they are walking or standing, known as over pronating. Their toes might even point outward. A flat foot will cause shoes to wear unevenly.
The most common symptom of flat feet is pain. Pain will occur in the foot when the connecting ligaments and tendons are strained. Flat feet can also cause pain in the foot, knee, hip and lower back.
Causes of Flat Feet:
Some causes of flat feet include genetic factors, as flat feet can run in families; weakening of supporting tendons and ligaments; and weak arches – where the arch is visible when sitting but the foot flattens onto the ground when standing.
People are likely to develop flat feet if they are obese or are pregnant. Flat feet can also develop as people age.
How Can Custom Orthotics Help?
Fitted custom orthotics realign the foot and lower extremity and will relieve pressure from the arch, of which reduces pain. Only custom orthotics that conform very closely to your arch (full contact) can effectively support a flat foot.